Vertical Agreements Eu Law

Vertical Agreements in EU Law: What You Need to Know

Vertical agreements are a common feature of the business landscape in the European Union, governing the relationship between manufacturers and distributors. These agreements can cover a variety of issues, such as pricing, distribution, and marketing, and can have a significant impact on competition within the EU market.

As a professional, it is important to understand the key concepts and legal framework that underpin vertical agreements in EU law.

What is a Vertical Agreement?

A vertical agreement is a contract between two or more parties at different levels of the supply chain, such as a manufacturer and a distributor, or a distributor and a retailer. These agreements specify the terms and conditions of the relationship, including issues such as pricing, distribution, and marketing.

Vertical agreements can take many forms, from exclusive distribution agreements to selective distribution systems and franchising agreements. They are often used to safeguard the interests of both manufacturers and distributors, ensuring that products are distributed effectively within the EU market.

EU Legal Framework for Vertical Agreements

Vertical agreements are subject to EU competition law, which aims to prevent anti-competitive behavior and maintain a level playing field within the EU market.

The key legislation governing vertical agreements in the EU is the Vertical Block Exemption Regulation (VBER), which sets out the conditions under which vertical agreements are permitted. The VBER provides a safe harbor for certain types of agreements that do not have an appreciable impact on competition within the EU market.

For example, the VBER exempts vertical agreements that do not contain certain hardcore restrictions, such as fixed prices or territorial restraints, from the EU competition rules. However, these agreements must still meet the general competition law criteria set out in Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which prohibit agreements that have as their object or effect to restrict competition.

Challenges for Copy Editors

Copy editors working on content related to vertical agreements in EU law must be knowledgeable about the legal framework and terminology associated with this area. They must be able to spot potential errors or inaccuracies in the use of legal terms and ensure that the content is accurate, clear, and easy to understand.

In addition, copy editors must be familiar with the principles of SEO and how to optimize content for search engines. This includes the use of relevant keywords, the inclusion of links to authoritative sources, and the creation of engaging and readable content that is likely to rank well in search results.


Vertical agreements are an important feature of EU business law, governing the relationship between manufacturers and distributors. As a professional, it is essential to understand the legal framework and terminology associated with vertical agreements in order to produce accurate and effective content. By balancing legal precision with engaging content and effective SEO, copy editors can help to ensure that their content reaches and resonates with a wider audience.